Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) encompasses a range of complex developmental disorders characterized by mild to severe challenges to social, emotional, and communication abilities. Recent evidence indicates that ASD affects more than 1 in 88 children. Boys are four times more likely than girls to have autism and as many as 1 out of 54 boys may be on the autism spectrum. The associated national cost of ASD is estimated to be $35-$90 billion dollars. The cause of ASD is unknown, however progress is being made on several fronts and the answers related to autism will likely be the same as the disorder itself- multifaceted.
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